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ìí About Yemen

Yemen Profile



  • Area: 527970 sq. km.

  • Cities: capital - Sana'a. other cities - Aden, Taiz, Hodeida, and Al-Mukalla.

  • Terrain: mountainous interior bordered by desert with a flat and sandy costal plain.

  • Climate: temperate in the mountainous regions in the western part of the country, exteremly hot with minimal rainfall in the reminder of the country; humid on the cost.



  • Type: republic; unification (of former suth and north Yemen): may 22, 1990.

  • Constitution: adopted may 21, 1990 and ratified may1991.

  • Branches: executive–prime minister with cabinet.

  • Legislative—bicameral legislature with 111-seat Shura Council and 301-seat House of Representatives.

  • Constitution calls for an independent judiciary. The former northern and southern legal codes have been unified.

  • System includes separate commercial codes and a Supreme Court based in Sana’a.

  • Administrative subdivisions: 18 governorates subdivided into districts.

  • Political parties: General People’s Congress (GPC), Yemeni Grouping for Islaah (Islaah), Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP), Baathis parties, Nasserist parties, and Muslim fundamentalist parties.

  • Suffrage: universal over 18.

  • Flag: three horizontal bands—red, white and black.



  • Population (2001 est.): 18 million.

  • Annual growth rate: 3.38%.

  • Ethnic group: predominantly Arab.

  • Religions: Islam, small numbers of Jews, Christians and Hindus.

  • Language: Arabic.

  • Education: attendance (ages 6-15, 1998 est.)—57.4% total, including 79.4 of males, 33.9% of females.

  • Literacy (1998 est.) 45%.

  • Health: infant mortality rate—68/1,000 live births. Life expectancy—60yrs.

  • Work force (by sector): agriculture- 53%; public services- 17%; manufacturing- 4%; construction- 7%; percentage of total population- 25%.